Many individuals and groups benefits from Open Access (SPARC) to include:
Open Access publications provide immediate (where applicable), unrestricted, online access to scholarly, peer-reviewed articles.
Under the OA model authors are free of most copyright restrictions and may freely reuse and disseminate their work.
There are two approaches to making research Open Access:
Delayed Open Access is an embargo period that occurs when a subscription-based journal imposes an access fee for a defined period of time.
"Open access makes knowledge accessible and reusable, accelerates the pace of discovery and discussion, maximizes the return of investment in research, and speeds the development of all the benefits that depend on research, from new medicines and useful technologies to informed decisions, solved problems, and improved public policies." Harvard Open Access Project (HOAP)
In developing countries lacking funds for information resources, Open Access provides an unprecedented opportunity for access to the latest scientific and medical information.
OA frees authors of copyright and licensing restrictions, so they may freely share, reuse and disseminate scholarly work.
Selected Articles: Impact of Open Access
Tennant JP, Waldner F, Jacques DC, Masuzzo P, Collister LB, Hartgerink CH.
The academic, economic and societal impacts of Open Access: an evidence-based review
Version 3. F1000Res 2016 Apr 11 [revised 2016 Sep 21];5:632. eCollection 2016.
"Open Access remains only one of the multiple challenges that the scholarly publishing system is currently facing. Yet, it provides one foundation for increasing engagement with researchers regarding ethical standards of publishing and the broader implications of 'Open Research'."
Self-selected or mandated, Open access increases citation impact for higher quality research
PLoS ONE 2010; 5(10): e13636. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013636
"The OA advantage is greater for the more citable articles, not because of a quality bias from authors self-selecting what to make OA, but because of a quality advantage, from users self-selecting what to use and cite, freed by OA from the constraints of selective accessibility to subscribers only. It is hoped that these findings will help motivate the adoption of OA self-archiving mandates by universities, research institutions and research funders."