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Responsible Authorship: Conflict of Interest (COI): Resources

Understand responsible authorship practices. This guide focuses on Conflict of Interest and outlines the journals/publishers that the MSK author community submit their research manuscripts to for publication.

Author Guidelines, Recommendations, and Best Practices

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)
COPE is "committed to educate and support editors, publishers and those involved in publication ethics with the aim of moving the culture of publishing towards one where ethical practices becomes the norm, part of the publishing culture." 

International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)
Working group of general medical journal editors whose participants meet annually and fund their own work on the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals.

ICMJE Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form
ICMJE has developed an author conflict of interest (COI) form which can be use when submitting a manuscript for publication. This was done as a means of “promoting a standardized approach to such declarations”. Before submitting, authors should confirm that the journal they are submitting their paper to does not have a form or mechanism for declaring any potential conflicts of interest.

ICMJE List of Journals 
This list includes editors or publishers that have requested to be added and identified as following ICMJE Recommendations. The ICMJE cannot verify the completeness or accuracy of this list. If the journal is not listed, please search journal homepage for information.

Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice
This Institute of Medicine (now National Academy of Medicine) report contains 16 recommendations for establishing the fundamental elements of an effective policy response to conflicts of interest in medical research, education, and practice.

Resources for Research Ethics Education (RREE)
Organization provides guidance in what you should do to avoid and COI issues.

The Office of Research Integrity (ORI)
Oversees and directs Public Health Service (PHS) research integrity activities on behalf of the Secretary of Health and Human Services with the exception of the regulatory research integrity activities of the Food and Drug Administration. Their webpage provides links to other Universities' COI information.

Selected Reading

Bekelman, JE, Li, Y., Gross, CP. Scope and impact of financial conflicts of interest in biomedical research. A systematic review. JAMA. 2003 Jan 22-29;289(4):454.65.
The authors reviewed 37 original, quantitative studies on the extent, impact, and management of financial conflict of interest in biomedical research. Author opinion - "Financial relationships among industry, scientific investigators, and academic institutions are widespread. Conflict of interest arising from these ties can influence biomedical research in important ways."  

Fineberg HV. Conflict of Interest: Why Does It Matter? JAMA. 2017 May 2;317(17):1717-1718.
Author opinion – “Adherence to carefully considered, transparent, and evenhanded policies on conflict of interest can help physicians earn and maintain their trusted place in the minds of the public and policy makers.”

Kirman, CR., Simon, TW., Hays, SM. Science peer view for the 21st century: Assessing scientific consensus for decision-making while managing conflict of interests, review, and process bias. Requel Toxicol Pharmacol. 2019. Jan 8; 103:73-85. [Epub ahead of print].
Kirman et al explore the role of scientific peer review in the advancement and acceptance of scientific information by using a multi-tiered case study. 

Thompson DF. Understanding financial conflicts of interest. N Engl J Med. 1993 Aug 19;329(8):573-6.
Thompson defines a financial conflict of interest as a condition, not behavior; clinicians or researchers who might benefit financially by distorting their work have a conflict of interest regardless of whether they actually distort their work.


COI Policies & Tools

Convey Global Disclosure System - Developed by the Association of American Medical Colleges, Convey® is a "financial interest disclosure system to built to standardize the reporting of financial interest and relationships with external entities."

National Institutes of Health: Financial Conflict of Interest 
NIH policy and compliance regarding funded research.

NEJM Journal Watch Conflict of Interest Policy

Open Payments Open Payments is a national transparency program that collects and publishes information about financial relationships between the health care industry (i.e. drug and device companies) and providers (i.e. physicians and teaching hospitals).

Retraction Watch
Note: to find information specific to COI, type conflict of interest in search box provided