Researchers are working to understand which people or groups of people are more likely to have Post-COVID Conditions, and why. Studies have shown that some groups of people may be affected more by Post-COVID Conditions. These are examples and not a comprehensive list of people or groups who might be more at risk than other groups for developing Post-COVID Conditions:
Some people are at increased risk of getting sick from COVID-19 because of where they live or work, or because they can’t get health care. Health inequities may put some people from racial or ethnic minority groups and some people with disabilities at greater risk for developing Post-COVID Conditions. Scientists are researching some of those factors that may place these communities at higher risk of both getting infected or developing Post-COVID Conditions.
The prevalence of post-COVID conditions has been challenging to estimate, with estimates ranging widely (5–30%). Reasons for these wide-ranging estimates include:
In 2022, a research team from UC Davis published a systematic review and meta-analysis in Scientific Reports that included 21 studies with over 80,000 children and adolescents found that the prevalence of long-COVID was 25.24%, and the most prevalent clinical manifestations were mood symptoms (16.50%), fatigue (9.66%), and sleep disorders (8.42%). Children infected by SARS-CoV-2 had a higher risk of persistent dyspnea, anosmia/ageusia, and/or fever compared to controls.